VBA Sort Columns in Table in Excel

VBA Sort Columns in Table in Excel

VBA Sort Columns in Table. We can sort columns in table using the SortFields object of Add method in Excel. Sort single column or multiple columns in table either in ascending or descending order. We can also sort data in columns by icon, date, number, string, cell color, date, etc. Let us see syntax, different examples using VBA. Also find and learn step by step instructions to run vba example macro code.

VBA Syntax for the SortFields object of Add method

Let us see the syntax for the SortFields object of Add method in Excel. We use this syntax to sort tables in Excel sheet.

SortFields.Add (Key, SortOn, Order, CustomOrder, DataOption)

Where
Key is a required parameter. It contains a range data type. It represents a key value to sort.
All the below parameters or arguments are optional and contains variant data type.
SortOn: It represents field to sort on.
Order: It represents the sort order.
CustomOrder: It represents custom sort order.
DataOption: It represents the data option.

VBA Sort Single Column in Table in Excel

Here is a simple example macro to sort single column in table in Excel using VBA. In this example we define sheet name, table name, and column name which needs to sort. Default it sorts in ascending order. The Sort object is used to apply sort to Table. And the Clear method is used to ensure that the previous sort is cleared.

'VBA Sort Single Column in Table in Excel
Sub VBAF1_Sort_Single_Column_in_Table()
    'Declare Variables
    Dim oSheetName As Worksheet
    Dim sTableName As String
    Dim loTable As ListObject
    Dim rRange As Range
    
    'Define Variable
    sTableName = "ExTable"
    
    'Define WorkSheet object
    Set oSheetName = Sheets("Table")
    
    'Define Table Range
    Set rRange = Range("ExTable[Salary]")
    
    'Define Table Object
    Set loTable = oSheetName.ListObjects(sTableName)
    
    'Sort Single Column Table
    With loTable.Sort
        'specify header is available or not
        .Header = xlYes
        
        'Clear if any existing sort
        .SortFields.Clear
        
        'Specify Column to sort
        .SortFields.Add Key:=rRange, SortOn:=xlSortOnValues
        
        'sort specific column in a table
        .Apply
    End With
    
End Sub

Output: Here is the example output screenshot of above macro procedure.

VBA Sort Single Column in Table

Sort Multiple Columns in Table in Excel VBA

Let us see another example to sort multiple columns in table in Excel VBA. Here we have to specify multiple column names to sort multiple columns data in table.

'Sort Multiple Columns in Table in Excel VBA
Sub VBAF1_Sort_Multiple_Columns_in_Table()
    'Declare Variables
    Dim oSheetName As Worksheet
    Dim sTableName As String
    Dim loTable As ListObject
    Dim rRange1 As Range
    Dim rRange2 As Range
    
    'Define Variable
    sTableName = "ExTable"
    
    'Define WorkSheet object
    Set oSheetName = Sheets("Table")
    
    'Define Table Range
    Set rRange1 = Range("ExTable[Name]")
    Set rRange2 = Range("ExTable[Salary]")
    
    'Define Table Object
    Set loTable = oSheetName.ListObjects(sTableName)
    
    'Sort Single Column Table
    With loTable.Sort
        'specify header is available or not
        .Header = xlYes
        
        'Clear if any existing sort
        .SortFields.Clear
        
        'Specify Column to sort
        .SortFields.Add Key:=rRange1, SortOn:=xlSortOnValues
        .SortFields.Add Key:=rRange2, SortOn:=xlSortOnValues
        
        'sort specified column in a table
        .Apply
    End With
    
End Sub

Output: Here is the example output screenshot of above VBA Code.

Sort Multiple Columns in Table in Excel VBA

VBA Sort Table by Cell Color in Excel

Let us see another example to sort table by cell color in Excel using VBA. You can define your own cell colors. And change RGB color in the below procedure . In this example we have seen 3 different outputs.

'VBA Sort Table by Cell Color in Excel
Sub VBAF1_Sort_Table_ByCell_Color_in_Table()

    'Declare Variables
    Dim oSheetName As Worksheet
    Dim sTableName As String
    Dim loTable As ListObject
    Dim rRange1 As Range
    
    'Define Variable
    sTableName = "ExTable"
    
    'Define WorkSheet object
    Set oSheetName = Sheets("Table")
    
    'Define Table Range
    Set rRange = Range("ExTable[Salary]")
    
    'Define Table Object
    Set loTable = oSheetName.ListObjects(sTableName)
    
    'Sort Single Column Table
    With loTable.Sort
        'specify header is available or not
        .Header = xlYes
        
        'Clear if any existing sort
        .SortFields.Clear
        
        'Specify Column to sort
        .SortFields.Add(Key:=rRange, Order:=xlAscending, SortOn:=xlSortOnCellColor).SortOnValue.Color = RGB(255, 255, 0)
          
        'sort specified column in a table
        .Apply
    End With
   
End Sub

Output: Here is the example output screenshot of above VBA Code.

VBA Sort Table by Cell Color in Excel

Note: Find the following link for more numbers of color index in Excel VBA.

ColorIndex in Excel VBA

VBA Sort Table Range in Ascending order in Excel

Here is one more example to sort table range in ascending order in table in Excel VBA. In this example we are sorting name column in ascending order.

'VBA Sort Table Range in Ascending order in Excel
Sub VBAF1_Sort_Table_Range_in_Ascending_Order_in_Table()

    'Declare Variables
    Dim oSheetName As Worksheet
    Dim sTableName As String
    Dim loTable As ListObject
    Dim rRange1 As Range
    
    'Define Variable
    sTableName = "ExTable"
    
    'Define WorkSheet object
    Set oSheetName = Sheets("Table")
    
    'Define Table Range
    Set rRange = Range("ExTable[Name]")
    
    'Define Table Object
    Set loTable = oSheetName.ListObjects(sTableName)
    
    'Sort Single Column Table
    With loTable.Sort
        'specify header is available or not
        .Header = xlYes
        
        'Clear if any existing sort
        .SortFields.Clear
        
        'Specify Name Column to sort in ascending order
        .SortFields.Add Key:=rRange, SortOn:=xlSortOnValues, Order:=xlAscending
        
        'sort specific column in a table
        .Apply
    End With
   
End Sub

Sort Table Range in Descending order in Excel

Here is one more example to sort table range in descending order in table in Excel VBA. In this example we are sorting salary column in descending order.

'VBA Sort Table Range in Descending order in Excel
Sub VBAF1_Sort_Table_Range_in_Descending_Order_in_Table()

    'Declare Variables
    Dim oSheetName As Worksheet
    Dim sTableName As String
    Dim loTable As ListObject
    Dim rRange1 As Range
    
    'Define Variable
    sTableName = "ExTable"
    
    'Define WorkSheet object
    Set oSheetName = Sheets("Table")
    
    'Define Table Range
    Set rRange = Range("ExTable[Salary]")
    
    'Define Table Object
    Set loTable = oSheetName.ListObjects(sTableName)
    
    'Sort Single Column Table
    With loTable.Sort
        'specify header is available or not
        .Header = xlYes
        
        'Clear if any existing sort
        .SortFields.Clear
        
        'Specify salary Column to sort in descending order
        .SortFields.Add Key:=rRange, SortOn:=xlSortOnValues, Order:=xlDescending
        
        'sort specific column in a table
        .Apply
    End With
   
End Sub

Step by Step Instructions to run VBA macro codes

Here are the instructions to use above macro in Visual basic editor.

  • Open Visual Basic Editor(VBE) by clicking Alt +F11
  • Go to code window by clicking F7
  • Copy above specified macro or procedure
  • Paste above copied code in code window
  • Run macro by clicking F5 or Run command
  • See output screenshots after each macro procedure.

Other Related References

You can also learn complete details like syntax, example and etc by clicking on the following buttons.

VBA Tables Tables Examples

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