VBA ChDir function is categorized as File and Directory function. This built-in VBA ChDir statement changes the current or default folder or directory in Excel.
This function can be used in either procedure or function in a VBA editor window in Excel. We can use this VBA ChDir Function in any number of times in any number of procedures or functions. In the following section we learn what is the syntax and parameters of the ChDir function, where we can use this ChDir Function and real-time exampleS in Excel VBA.
The syntax of the ChDir Function in VBA is
The ChDir Function changes the current directory or folder name .
The ChDIr function/statement has one argument in Excel VBA.
Path: It is a mandatory string type parameter. The path argument represents the folder or directory that you want to change.
We can use this ChDir Function in VBA MS Office 365, MS Excel 2016, MS Excel 2013, 2011, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2003, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel 2011 for Mac, Excel Online, Excel for iPhone, Excel for iPad, Excel for Android tablets and Excel for Android Mobiles.
Here is a simple example of the VBA ChDir function. This below example changes the current directory to “C:\Temp”.
'Change Current Directory Sub VBA_ChDir_Function_Ex1() 'Variable declaration Dim sDirectory As String sDirectory = "C:\Temp" ChDir sDirectory 'Display output message MsgBox "Current Directory is : " & sDirectory, vbInformation, "VBA ChDir Function" End Sub
Output: Here is the screen shot of the first example output.
Here is a simple example of the VBA ChDir function. This below example sets the current folder to “C:\Temp\VBAF1”.
'Change Current Folder Sub VBA_ChDir_Function_Ex2() 'Variable declaration Dim sDirectory As String sDirectory = "C:\Temp\VBAF1" ChDir sDirectory 'Display output message MsgBox "Current Folder is : " & sDirectory, vbInformation, "VBA ChDir Function" End Sub
Output: Here is the screen shot of the second example output.
You can find below statement to Moves up one directory. Here we use two periods(dots) to make relative directory changes.
Here are the step by step instructions to use the ChDir Function in Excel VBA.
- Open an Excel workbook.
- Press Alt+F11 to open VBA Editor window.
- Go to Insert menu and click on module from the available options.
- Copy above specified macros to the VBA editor.
- Select any procedure from above codes and click on ‘Run’ command or use Keyboard shortcut ‘F5’.
List of VBA Functions:
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